What are the classification of fabrics?
The so-called fabric refers to the sheet objects made of textile fibers. General fabrics can be classified according to their use and production methods. According to the purpose of the fabric can be divided into three categories: clothing textiles, decorative textiles, industrial textiles.
Textile for clothing.
The textile for clothing includes various textile fabrics used for making clothing, as well as various textile accessories such as sewing thread, elastic belt, collar lining, lining, and knitted ready-made clothes, gloves, socks, etc.
Decorative textiles are more prominent than other textiles in terms of variety structure, pattern and color matching, and can be said to be a kind of Arts and crafts. Decorative textiles can be divided into indoor textiles, bed textiles and outdoor textiles.
Industrial textiles are widely used in a wide range of varieties, such as fluffy cloth, gun cloth, filter cloth, screen, subgrade step, etc.
The following are the detailed features of commonly used fabrics:
1. Cotton cloth
Cotton is the general name of all kinds of cotton textiles. It is used to make fashion, casual wear, underwear and shirts. Its advantages are easy to keep warm, soft and close to the body, moisture absorption, and good air permeability. Its disadvantage is easy to shrink, wrinkle, appearance is not very straight and beautiful, in the wear must always iron.
Hemp is a kind of fabric made of hemp, flax, ramie, jute, sisal, banana and other hemp plant fibers. It is generally used to make casual and working clothes, and at present, it is also used to make ordinary summer clothes. Its advantages are high strength, moisture absorption, heat conduction, and good air permeability. Its disadvantage is not very comfortable to wear, the appearance is rough, stiff.
Silk is a general term for various silk fabrics made from silk. Like cotton, it has many varieties and different personalities. It can be used to make a variety of clothing, especially for women's clothing. Its advantages are light, fit, soft, smooth, ventilating, colorful, rich in luster, noble and elegant, comfortable to wear. Its deficiency is easy to wrinkle, easy to absorb, not strong enough, fast fading.
Woolen, also called wool, is a general term for fabrics made of various types of wool and cashmere. It is usually suitable for formal and high-end clothing such as dress, suit, coat, etc. Its advantages are wrinkle resistant and wear-resistant, soft hand feel, elegant and clear, elastic, strong warmth. Its disadvantage is mainly the difficulty of washing, not suitable for making summer clothes.
Leather is a kind of animal fur fabric made by tanning. It is used to make fashion and winter clothes. It can be divided into two categories: one is leather, that is, leather treated with past wool. The second is fur, that is, the leather with belt wool that has been treated. Its advantages are light and warm, elegant and expensive. Its disadvantage is that it is expensive, storage and nursing requirements are high, so it is not suitable for popularization.
6. Chemical fiber
Chemical fiber is the abbreviation of chemical fiber. It is a kind of textile made of high molecular compound. Generally, it is divided into two categories: artificial fiber and synthetic fiber. Their common advantages are bright color, soft texture, draping, smooth and comfortable. Their disadvantages are wear resistance, heat resistance, moisture absorption and poor permeability, easy to deform when heat occurs, and electrostatic is easy to produce. Although it can be used to make various kinds of clothing, the overall level is not high, and it is difficult to get to the elegant hall.
Blending is a kind of fabric which combines natural fiber with chemical fiber in a certain proportion, which can be used to make various kinds of clothing. Its advantages are not only absorbing the advantages of cotton, hemp, silk, wool and chemical fiber, but also avoiding their own shortcomings as much as possible, and relatively low in value, so it is popular.
Post time: Apr-19-2021